• Мария Поляничко НГУ физической культуры, спорта и здоровья им. П.Ф. Лесгафта
Ключевые слова: фонетика; транскрипция; артикуляция; звуковой строй; имитация речи; фонетический алфавит; коммуникация; звуки; дифтонги; интонация; гомографы; изучение языка; ударение; фонетическая зарядка.


The world has changed and so have its demands. Nowadays students even from non-linguistic universities should know at least one foreign language to communicate successfully.  Phonetics is considered not only a brunch of linguistics but also one of the main reasons of typical mistakes which students often commit when they study a new foreign language. Aspects needed for the more successful learning of phonetics as the first step of mastering international communicative skills should be taken into consideration, as well as the ways of avoiding typical phonetic mistakes for a more productive studying of a new foreign language.
            Phonetic exercises are the essential way in mastering the skills of international communication, as well as studying the phonetic transcription, articulation, sound system, speech structure, diphthongs, intonation, homographs, stress and phonetic exercises. There are a lot of different ways of studying phonetics, such as practical recommendations, examples of using phonetic symbols and ways to avoid typical mistakes, which should be considered.

Phonetics is discovered to be one of the reasons of typical mistakes, which students of non -linguistic universities often commit when they begin to learn a new foreign language. Despite the extensive passive vocabulary of modern students, their erudition and understanding of the rules of elementary grammar, in some cases it is impossible even to understand what language they speak. But it is the sounds uttered by a person that are used in any language to express thoughts. Therefore, it became necessary to single out phonetics from many aspects of any language.

Teaching phonetics as a productive process requires the student to know the structure of the speech apparatus. Successful mastery of this skill will provide the student with a motivational level and a reliable basis for the formation of other speech activities. Therefore, it is worth starting to pay attention to the study of phonetics from the earliest stages of language acquisition to avoid these mistakes and to achieve the best results in mastering the subject.